Byzantine and Christian Museum
Museum Type History & Archaeology
Address 22 Vasilissas Sophias
Postal Code 106 75
Telephone210-7211027 , 210-7232178
The Byzantine Museum was founded in 1914. From 1930 on it has been housed in the "Ilisia" mansion, which belonged to the Duchess of Placentia and was built in 1848 by the architect Stamatis Kleanthes. It was transformed into a museum by the architect Aristotle Zachos. In recent yars an addition and a large extension with basement and buildings in part above ground have been made. The architectural design is by Manos Perrakis.
The collections of the Byzantine Museum show the course of Greek art from the 4th to the 19th century. They comprise sculptural works, paintings and small works of all sorts. These works represent the artistic production of the Greek area, and other regions both central and peripheral of the Byzantine empire and subsequently of Hellenism on into post-Byzantine times.
The Museum collections include the following:
- Byzantine and post-Byzantine ikons.
- Wall paintings
- Small objects (cloth, coins, pottery, metal objects, silver)
- Wood carvings
- Patterns (anthibola), bronze engravings, lithographs
- A collection of old prints (incunabula)
- A collection of copies of paintings
Full admission: € 4
Reduced admission: € 2
(students from countries outside the E.U., citizens of the E.U. aged over 65)
- persons under 18
November 1st, 2004 - March 31st, 2005:
- 6 January, Shrove Monday, Holy Saturday, Easter Monday, Holy Spirit Day, 28 October: 0
Sculptural group showing Orpheus. Orpheus, seated on a tree trunk, is playing the lyre, with wild and tame animals forming a perforated crown around him. On the base a lion mangles an antilope. Probably a funerary stele, symbolising Christ gathering his followers. Dated in the 4th century.
Gold necklace from the Mytilene treasure. The two little discs at the ends and the cylindrical element in the middle are decorated in the technique of filigree and granulation. Dated in the 7th century.
Marble slab from the epistyle of an iconostasis. The apostles Jacobus Major (James the Greater) Philip and Luke in a rare combination of low relief and painting. It is dated in the 10th century.
Wall painting from the apse of the inner sanctum of the church of Aghios Georgios Lathrenou in Naxos. Above is shown the Deesis with a protome of Christ Pantokrator, the Virgin and John the Baptist worshipping. Co-celebrating below are the church prelates (hierarchoi) John Chrysostomos and Basil. It is dated in the 13th century.
Double sided ikon of St. George. On one side in a gold field is shown : in painted wood relief St. George, full length , worshipping Christ, around him painted scenes of his tribulations, above the Throne of Preparation with archangels, and below the donor worshipping. On the other side in a silver field are two full length female saints supplicating Christ. Unique among this type of ikon. Dated in the 13th century.